Mexican graphic artist. His enormous output was largely devoted to political and social issues, attacking, for example, President Porfirio Díaz, and revealing the dreadful conditions in which the poor lived. From 1890 he made his studio in Mexico City an open shop fronting the street, and turned out sensational broadsheets and cheap cartoons that spread among the illiterate throughout the country. His work had the vigour and spontaneity of genuinely popular art, with the inborn Mexican taste for the more gruesome aspects of death—one of his recurring motifs is the calavera or animated skeleton. He made a lasting impression on both Orozco and Rivera during their student days.