Modern Art

“Modern art” is a vague term that can be used purely chronologically to designate any art produced in the twentieth century. There is no general agreement on when “modern art” started and ended. The beginnings of modern art usually attributed to the first two decades of the 20th century, a period that saw the birth of Cubism, Expressionism, and Fauvism. LatamArt will consider the 1960s and 1970s the end of modern art. More precisely, to LatamArt, “modern art” ended with the birth of Conceptual art in the late 1960s. In general, the main characteristics of “modern art” were the relative devaluation of tradition and traditional skills; a departure from the consensus about reality and appearance, and an attempt to make common cause with design and architecture.

Pedro Barrail

Pedro Barrail works as an artist, designer, and architect. He was born in Paraguay and studied in Miami, and his work combines the traditional indigenous

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Roberto Mamani

Roberto Mamani Mamani is an Aymara artist from Bolivia. His work is significant in its use of Aymara indigenous tradition and symbols. His art has been

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Wilson Bigaud

Haitian naive painter, born into a poor family in Port-au-Prince. He was encouraged by Hector Hyppolite, who was a neighbour, and in 1946 he began

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Ana Mendieta

Ana Mendieta was born in Havana but was sent away with her sister as a political refugee in 1961 after her father fell out with the Castro regime. She gradua-

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Arturo Calixto Borda

Arturo Borda Gozálvez was painter, portraitist, landscape painter, writer and Bolivian activist. His paintings are framed in the symbolic movement prevai-

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Candido Portinari

Brazilian painter of Italian descent. He was born at Brodósqui and studied at the National School of Fine Arts, Rio de Janeiro, 1918–21. In 1928 he was

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Cundo Bermúdez

Cundo Bermúdez was a Cuban painter. In 1926, Bermudez was admitted at the ‘Institute of Havana,’ and in 1930 enrolled at the renowned Escuela Nacional

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David Alfaro Siqueiros

Mexican painter, one of the trio of muralists (with Orozco and Rivera) who dominated 20th-century Mexican art. He was born in Chihuahua, the son of

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Gerardo Murillo

Mexican painter and art administrator. He was an ardent nationalist and a pioneer of the 20th-century renaissance of his county’s art—chapter 1 of MacKinley

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Edgar Negret

Colombian sculptor. He was born in Popayán and studied at the School of Fine Arts, California, 1938–43. His career was spent mainly in Bogotá, but

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Edna Manley

Jamaican sculptor, born Edna Swithenbank in Bournemouth, the daughter of an English clergyman and a Jamaican mother. Edna Manley’s sculpture to some

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Hector Hyppolite

Haitian painter. He is the most famous of his country’s remarkable crop of naive painters, but he did not achieve recognition until the final years of his life.

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Hervé Télémaque

Haitian painter. Born in Port-au-Prince, he left for New York in 1957. Early paintings were influenced by Abstract Expressionism. However, for Télémaque,

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Mónica Mayer

Mónica Mayer is a feminist Mexican artist, activist and art critic whose work includes performance, digital graphics, drawing, photography, and art

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Paz Errázuriz

Paz Errázuriz is a Chilean photographer. Errazuriz documented marginalized communities such as sex workers, psychiatric patients and circus performers

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Rodrigo Matheus

Rodrigo Matheus is a Brazilian artist who uses a variety of materials and media, as objects and materials common to the corporate world and also appro

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Solange Pessoa

Solange Pessoa (born 1961, Ferros), this substantial volume is also the artist’s most comprehensive to date. Pessoa’s sculptural work, which often

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Fernando Botero

From 1938 to 1949, Botero pursued his primary- and secondary-level studies in Medellín. He began to exhibit and to sell drawings to newspapers from 1948.

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Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo was Hispano-Indian on her mother’s side and German on her father’s. She met Diego Rivera when he was painting a mural at the Escuela

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Teresa Burga

Teresa Burga is a multimedia artist whose conceptualist pieces from the late 1960s and 1970s position her as a precursor of media art, technology-

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Adrián Villar Rojas

Adrián Villar Rojas (born 1980 in Rosario, Argentina) is a sculptor known for his elaborate, fantastical works which explore notions of the Anthropocene

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Jesús Rafael Soto

Venezuelan Kinetic artist, active mainly in Paris. He was born in Ciudad Bolívar and in 1942–7 he studied at the School of Fine and Applied Arts in Caracas

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Zilia Sánchez

Zilia Sánchez is a Puerto Rico-based Cuban artist. She started her career as a set designer and an abstract painter for radical theatre groups in cuba

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Joaquín Roca Rey

Peruvian sculptor, born in Lima, where he studied at the National School of Fine Arts. Between 1948 and 1952 he lived in Europe, exhibiting in Florence

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Joaquín Torres García

Uruguayan painter and art theorist, born in Montevideo. Most of his life was spent in Spain, to which he moved with his family in 1891 (his mother was

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Gyula Košice

Argentinian sculptor and Kinetic artist. He was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia), as Fernando Fallik and moved to Argentina with his parents

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Lucio Fontana

Italian painter, sculptor, and ceramicist, born in Argentina, the son of an Italian sculptor, Luigi Fontana, and an Argentinian mother. In 1905 his family

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Oswaldo Guayasamín

Oswaldo Guayasamín was an Ecuadorian artist whose work is characterized by its Cubist-styled depictions of Latin American people. The artist focused

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Pedro Figari

Uruguayan painter, born and mainly active in Montevideo. He had a versatile and distinguished career as a lawyer, politician, writer, and editor (he founded

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Alicia Penalba

Argentine sculptor and printmaker, born in Buenos Aires. She moved to Paris in 1948 and trained in the studio of Zadkine after destroying almost all her

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Emilio Pettoruti

Argentine painter, born at La Plata. From 1913 to 1923 he studied and worked in Europe, taking part in the Futurist movement in Italy, and experimenting

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Richard Prince

American artist, born in Panama. His practice has been associated with appropriation. He came to attention in the early 1980s with photographs blown up

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Tarsila do Amaral

Tarsila do Amaral was a student of Pedro Alexandrino and M. E. Renard. She worked in Paris from 1920 to 1923, along with Lhote and Léger, discovering

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Roberto Matta

Roberto Matta came from a wealthy family and was of Spanish and Basque descent. He studied at the Colegio del Sagrado Corazón (Sacred Heart college)

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Wifredo Lam

After a brief period at the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro in Havana from 1918 to 1923, Lam went to Spain and remained there from

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Félix González-Torres

Félix González-Torres was a Cuban-born American visual artist. González-Torres’s openly gay sexual orientation is often seen as influential in his work

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Gabriel Orozco

Mexican artist, born in Jalaga. His work combines elements of performance, sculpture, drawing, and installation, and is rooted in paradox, games play,

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Ian Hamilton Finlay

Scottish artist and poet, born in Nassau, Bahamas, of Scottish parents. His father had gained and lost a fortune by smuggling. He studied briefly at Glasgow

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Janine Antoni

American sculptor, born in the Bahamas. She has made sculpture out of food. Gnaw (1992, MoMA, New York) consists of three 600 pound cubes of lard

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Juan Bustillos

Juan Bustillos is the country’s best contemporary sculptor for his seemingly endless collection of life-size sculpted animals made from timber

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Stefan Brüggemann

Stefan Brüggemann is a Mexican artist working in a wide variety of artistic disciplines. Examples of Brüggemann’s conceptual work are his Puddle Paintings

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Abraham Cruzvillegas

Abraham Cruzvillegas (born 1968, Mexico City) is a visual artist. He is best known for his work with found objects, and particularly his ongoing “Autoconstrucción”

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Arturo Borda

Arturo Borda Gozálvez was painter, portraitist, landscape painter, writer and Bolivian activist. His paintings are framed in the symbolic movement

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Alejandro Otero

Venezuelan painter, sculptor, administrator, and writer, regarded as one of his country’s leading artists. He was born at El Manteco, Bolivar State, and

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Armando Reverón

Venezuelan painter, born in Caracas. Reverón was a strange character but also ‘the best Venezuelan painter of the first half of the century’ (Edward Lucie-

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Beatriz González

Beatriz González is a painter, sculptor, critic, curator, art historian, and is considered one of the founders of what is known today as Modern Colombian Art.

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Carlos Cruz-Diez

Venezuelan painter and Kinetic artist, resident in Paris since 1960. In 1960 he settled in Paris, where he became friendly with other Latin American artist

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Carlos Mérida

Guatemalan painter, active mainly in Mexico. In 1910–14 he studied in Paris under van Dongen, meeting Modigliani, Picasso, and other members of the avant-

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Firelei Báez

Firelei Báez (born 1981, Santiago de los Caballeros) makes intricate works on paper and canvas as well as large scale sculpture. Through a convergence

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Diego Rivera

The earliest artistic influence on Diego Rivera was the Madrid academy. Rivera, however, quickly embraced other styles such as Impressionism, Divisionism.

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Francisco Amighetti

Francisco Amighetti was a Costa Rican painter. In addition to his paintings, Amighetti also produced wood engravings, poetry and works of art

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Jose Dávila

Jose Dávila (born 1974, Guadalajara) is a trained architect who’s work reflects on the failure of utopian, modernist architectural principles in his assemblages

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Lygia Clark

Lygia Pimentel Lins, better known as Lygia Clark, was a Brazilian artist is best known for her painting and installation work. She was often associated

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Lygia Pape

Lygia Pape fue una grabadora, escultora, pintora, cineasta, profesora y artista multimedia brasileña.​ Se la reconoce dentro del llamado Arte concre-

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María Izquierdo

María Izquierdo is known for being the first Mexican woman to have her artwork exhibited in the United States. She committed both her life and her career

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Marta Minujín

Marta Minujín is an Argentine conceptual and performance artist. Minujín began her career in Paris. She then moved to New York, where she met Andy

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Eduardo Abela

Cuban painter and caricaturist. He graduated from the Academia de Alejandro in Havana in 1920 and lived in Paris from 1927 to 1929. There he studied at

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Livio Abramo

Livio Abramo brazilian printmaker, painter and teacher of expressionism. He abandoned painting for wood-engraving, in 1926. He produced series

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Carl Abrahams

Carl Abrahams a jamaican painter. He began his career as a cartoonist for various local periodicals. In 1937, he went to the classes Institute of Jamaica.

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